Dr. Meenakshi SundaramBlog

All About Fibroids

This women’s day Apollo Hospitals want the woman to be more cautious of one of the most dangerous health problems that is becoming these days – fibroids. Read through to know what the expert in gynaecology, Dr. Meenakshi Sundaram has to say about this ailment.

Fibroids are the most frequently seen tumours of the female reporductive system. Also knows as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibromas, the fibroids are firm, compact tumors that are made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that develop in the uterus.

Fibroids are non-cancerous swellings arising from teh womb or uterus. They occur in about one in four women of reproductive age group. Fibroids are classified depending on their location into Subserous (arising from the outer wall of the womb) and submucous (arising from teh inner lining of the womb). Fibroids cause increased bleeding during periods, heaviness or a lump in the belly and inability to concieve. Depending on the size and location of the fibroid, these symptoms can vary.

Fibroids are diagnoised by clinical examination and ultrasound. All fibroids don’t require surgery. Only those that are big, interfere with pregnancy and cause heavy bleeding need removal. Medcation may relieve symptoms of pain and heaviy bleeding to some extent, but do not make the fibroids disapper.

The conventional surgical treatment for fibroid removal is called myomectomy. This is traditionally done by taking a large incision in the abdomen. This procedure called laparoscopic myomectomy helos in early recovery, decreases hospital stay reduces pain and enables quick return to normal activities.

Women more than 45 years of age and those who have completed their family can undergo removal of fibroids along with the uterus through laparoscopic hysterectomy.

Robotic surgery is the latest advance in minimal access techniques which has helped in aking the fibroid removal or uterus removal more precise with less complications. It involves use of a computer interface to perform high precision surgery. Dont ignore menstrual problems; get examined, investigated and treated early! Opt for laparoscopic or Robotic removal!!!

Dr. Meenakshi Sundaram
MD, DNB (Obs&Gn) Diploma in Advanced Endoscopy-Kiel (Germany),
Diploma in Advanced Endoscopy – Beams (Mumbai) and Robotic traning (Florida)

Consultant Gynecological Endoscopic and Robotic Surgeon, Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai.

Source: The Hindu, Thursday, March 8th, 2018