Aim: In this review, we assessed the feasibility of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) in cases of very large uteri weighing more than 500 grams. we have analyzed whether it is possible for an experienced laparoscopic surgeon to perform efficient TLH for large myomatous uteri regardless of the size, number and location of the myomas.
Design: Retrospective review ( Canadian Task Force Classification II-1 )
Setting: Dedicated high volume Gynecological laparoscopy centre.
Patients: 173 women with symptomatic myomas who underwent TLH at our centre. There were no exclusion criteria based on the size number or location of myomas.
Intervention: TLH and modifications of performing the surgery by ligating the uterine arteries prior, myomectomy followed by hysterectomy, direct morcellation after uterine artery ligation.
Results: 72% of patients has previous normal vaginal delivery and 28% had previous cesarean section. Average clinical size of the uterus was 18 weeks (10 , 32 ). The average weight of the specimen was 700 grams ( 500 , 2240 ). The average duration of surgery was 107 min ( 40 , 300 ) and the average blood loss was 228ml ( 10 , 3200 ).
Conclusion: TLH is a technically feasible procedure. It can be performed by experienced surgeons for large uteri regardless of the size, number or location of the myomas.
Key words: Large uterus, multiple fibroids, total laparoscopic hysterectomy